What Are the Causes of Cystic Acne?
Since cystic acne usually starts off as your usual acne breakout, they are caused by similar things, including:
- Change in hormone levels, specifically in androgen levels commonly associated with puberty
- Excess production of skin oil or sebum
- Bacteria and dead skin cells, which can block pores and hair follicles
- Ingrown hairs that cause inflammation
Other factors such as certain illnesses, pregnancy, menopause, as well as some skincare products and allergic reactions can also trigger acne.
Cystic Acne Risks
Your risks of developing cystic acne increase with certain factors. The more susceptible you are to acne, such as when you’re between the teenage years, the more likely you’ll develop cystic acne. Men are more likely to develop severe acne, and there is also an increased risk for those whose parents experienced cystic acne throughout their life.
What Complications Can Cystic Acne Bring?
Touching and popping acne can cause it to scar and may lead to more severe infection and spreading. This is especially the case with cystic acne—since they’re buried deep in your skin, trying to pop them will more likely lead to deep pits and holes that may scar over. These scars could become permanent, so it’s best to avoid scarring to keep your skin clear.
The best way to avoid scarring is to just leave your acne alone—certain treatments can address scarring and discoloration, but it’s better to learn and apply prevention methods rather than wait around for it to occur and get worse.