What Causes Teen Acne
Teen acne can be caused by various factors, the most common of which are hormones and genetics, as well as overly productive sebaceous glands and bacteria. Hormonal changes and stress can also exacerbate acne.
When a person hits puberty, they undergo hormonal changes brought about by an increase in androgens. Excess hormones cause the skin’s oil glands to become overactive. When these oil glands become overactive and enlarged, they produce a lot of sebum that can clog your pores or hair follicles. Clogged pores can host bacteria, which might cause swelling or redness and eventually turn into full-fledged acne.
Acne commonly appears on the face, but they can also appear on other areas, like the chest, back, and upper arms.
There are four types of acne:
These are clogged pores covered by a thin layer of skin that bulge and look like white dots.
Blackheads, like whiteheads, are also clogged pores that look like bumps. However, blackheads are discolored, not because of dirt but due to factors like bacteria, oxidation, and even dead skin cells.
These are red and swollen lesions that result from the inflammation of the tissue around the clogged follicles.
Cysts are characterized by lumps that form beneath the skin’s surface. These are often filled with pus.
Your skincare habits can also worsen your acne.
Frequently changing acne treatment routines
Switching to a new acne treatment approach on a regular basis can actually worsen your acne. For a regimen to work effectively, it needs time and consistency. Give a product around six to eight weeks before switching to a new one if you don’t see any improvement.
Using makeup or skincare products that clog your pores
When choosing cosmetic or skincare products, check to see if they are labeled as “non-comedogenic”, “oil-free”, or “non-acnegenic” so as not to clog your pores. This also applies to hair care products, which can come into contact with your face. Also make it a point to regularly clean your makeup brushes at least once a week.
Picking your blemishes
Avoid popping your pimples, as this may cause the further spread of bacteria on your skin. This can also lead to skin damage or scarring.
Not going to sleep without removing your makeup
Everyone gets tired after a long day, but taking the extra time to remove your makeup before going to sleep really pays off. Sleeping with your makeup on can clog your pores, which can lead to breakouts.
Excessive skin care practices
Skin care can do wonders when done correctly. However, avoid washing your face too frequently or scrubbing it too much, as these can irritate your skin. They can also dry your skin, making it prone to irritation and, therefore, to acne.